Home Knowledges 6 Countries Produce The Best Sapphires: A Full Guide

6 Countries Produce The Best Sapphires: A Full Guide

by Madonna

Sapphires, with their mesmerizing shades of blue, have long been revered as one of the most sought-after gemstones in the world. These stunning gems have graced the crowns of kings and queens and adorned the finest jewelry for centuries. However, not all blue sapphires are created equal. The world offers various sources of these precious gems, each with its unique characteristics. In this article, we will delve into the question of which country produces the best blue sapphires, exploring the attributes, origins, and significance of sapphires from different parts of the globe.

The Allure of Blue Sapphires

The allure of blue sapphires lies primarily in their captivating range of blue hues. From deep royal blues to soft, ethereal shades, sapphires offer an array of colors that can suit every taste. The intensity and purity of the blue are the key factors influencing a sapphire’s value. The finest blue sapphires are often described as “cornflower blue” and are highly coveted for their vivid, saturated color.


Sapphires are part of the corundum family, making them one of the hardest gemstones, second only to diamonds. Their hardness and durability make them an excellent choice for jewelry, especially for engagement rings and daily wear. Additionally, sapphires exhibit a remarkable luster when properly cut and polished, further enhancing their appeal.


Notable Sapphire-Producing Countries

Several countries around the world are renowned for their sapphire deposits. Each of these sources possesses unique characteristics and qualities that contribute to the overall appeal of sapphires originating from those regions. Let’s explore some of the most notable sapphire-producing countries.


1. Sri Lankan Sapphires: A Kaleidoscope of Blue

Sri Lanka, formerly known as Ceylon, has a rich history of sapphire production. The country is famous for its wide range of sapphire colors, from delicate pastel blues to vibrant deep blues. Sri Lankan sapphires often exhibit a unique phenomenon known as “silk,” which are fine rutile needle inclusions that can create a soft, velvety appearance when viewed under the right lighting conditions. These sapphires are known for their high clarity, beautiful color, and superb brilliance.

2. Kashmir Sapphires: The Legend of Purity

Kashmir, a region in the Indian subcontinent, has been the source of some of the most renowned sapphires in the world. Kashmir sapphires are celebrated for their unrivaled, intense, and velvety blue hue. Their exceptional color is often described as a “cornflower blue” or a “royal blue,” setting a standard of excellence for all blue sapphires. The Kashmir mines are no longer operational, making these gems extremely rare and highly valuable. They remain legendary in the world of gemology.

3. Burma (Myanmar) Sapphires: Enigmatic and Sought-After

Myanmar has produced sapphires for centuries, and its Burmese sapphires are renowned for their deep blue color, often tinged with violet. The “Burmese blue” is highly sought after, with some sapphires displaying a unique fluorescence under UV light. However, similar to the Burmese ruby trade, the sapphire trade from Myanmar has faced ethical concerns, as the military junta has been alleged to profit from the gem industry. This has led to increased scrutiny and a demand for ethically-sourced Burmese sapphires.

4. Thai Sapphires: Exceptional Heat Treatment Expertise

Thailand is a significant hub for sapphire trading and treatment. While Thai sapphires are not known for their mining, Thailand has a reputation for its exceptional heat treatment methods. Many sapphires from various parts of the world are sent to Thailand for heat enhancement. Thai artisans have perfected the art of heating sapphires to improve their color and clarity, making them more appealing to consumers.

5. Australian Sapphires: A Wide Spectrum of Colors

Australia, particularly the New South Wales and Queensland regions, is known for its diverse range of sapphire colors, including blue, green, and yellow. These sapphires often come in large sizes, making them a favorite choice for gemstone enthusiasts and jewelry designers. Australian sapphires are appreciated for their affordability and versatility in jewelry.

6. Montana Sapphires: A Domestic Gem

In the United States, Montana is famous for producing sapphires, primarily in the Yogo Gulch region. These American sapphires are typically smaller in size but are admired for their beautiful cornflower blue color. Montana sapphires are often used in locally-crafted jewelry and have a growing following among those who appreciate domestically-sourced gemstones.

Can sapphires be made into jewelry?

Sapphires can be and are commonly made into jewelry. In fact, sapphires are one of the most popular gemstones used in jewelry due to their exceptional beauty, durability, and variety of colors. Here are some common types of sapphire jewelry:

1. Sapphire Rings:

Sapphire rings are a popular choice for engagement rings and other jewelry pieces. They can be set as a centerpiece stone in a solitaire design or combined with other gemstones, such as diamonds or other colored gemstones, in multi-stone settings.

2. Sapphire Earrings:

Sapphires are often used in earrings, either as the main gemstone or as accents to complement other stones. Styles range from stud earrings to dangling and hoop designs.

3. Sapphire Necklaces and Pendants:

Sapphires can be featured in pendant necklaces, where they serve as a focal point on a chain. They can be set in a variety of designs, from simple and elegant to more intricate and detailed.

4. Sapphire Bracelets:

Sapphires are used to create stunning bracelets, whether as the main gemstone or as part of a mixed gemstone design. Tennis bracelets and bangle bracelets are popular styles.

5. Sapphire Brooches and Pins:

Sapphires can be incorporated into brooches or pins to add color and sophistication to formal attire. These pieces may also include diamonds and other gemstones.

See Also: The Versatility of Sapphire: Applications Beyond Jewelry

Caring for Your Blue Sapphire

To maintain the brilliance and beauty of your blue sapphire, it’s essential to follow proper care and maintenance practices:

1. Avoid Harsh Chemicals:

Sapphires are durable, but they can still be affected by harsh chemicals. Keep your sapphire jewelry away from chlorine, household cleaners, and perfumes.

2. Regular Cleaning:

Clean your sapphire jewelry with a mild soap and warm water. Use a soft brush to remove any dirt or residue, and rinse thoroughly. Dry with a soft, lint-free cloth.

3. Secure Settings:

Periodically inspect the settings of your sapphire jewelry to ensure the gem is secure and free from damage or loose prongs.

4. Storage:

When not wearing your sapphire jewelry, store it in a jewelry box or pouch to protect it from dust and scratches.

See Also: Sapphire VS Tanzanite: Which Is more Expensive?


The question of which country produces the “best” blue sapphires does not have a single answer, as the definition of “best” varies from one individual to another. Each sapphire source offers unique characteristics, and the choice ultimately depends on personal preferences, priorities, and budget.

Blue sapphires continue to captivate the world with their alluring shades of blue, durability, and luster. Regardless of their origin, sapphires have a timeless appeal that makes them a cherished gemstone in the world of jewelry and a symbol of beauty, elegance, and lasting love. Whether you prefer the legendary Kashmir sapphires, the diverse Australian offerings, or sapphires from any other source, the beauty of blue sapphires is a treasure to behold and enjoy for generations to come.


You May Also Like


Giacoloredstones is a colored gem portal. The main columns are Ruby, Sapphire, Emerald, Tourmaline, Aquamarine, Tanzanite, Amethyst, Garnet, Turquoise, Knowledges, News, etc.【Contact us: [email protected]

© 2023 Copyright