Home Turquoise The World’s Rarest Types of Turquoise: Unveiling Rarity

The World’s Rarest Types of Turquoise: Unveiling Rarity

by Madonna

Turquoise, with its mesmerizing blue-green hues and rich cultural heritage, has been cherished for centuries. While turquoise is available in various shades and qualities, certain types of turquoise are exceptionally rare and highly coveted by gemstone enthusiasts and collectors. In this article, we will embark on a journey to discover the world’s rarest types of turquoise, exploring their origins, distinctive characteristics, and the factors that contribute to their scarcity.

What is turquoise

Turquoise is a gemstone renowned for its unique blue-green color and its historical and cultural significance. It is a hydrous phosphate mineral that belongs to the family of phosphates, specifically the copper aluminum phosphate group. The name “turquoise” is derived from the French word “turquois,” meaning “Turkish,” as it was originally introduced to Europe through trade routes from Turkey.


The distinct color of turquoise ranges from sky blue to greenish-blue, often exhibiting variations and matrix patterns due to the presence of other minerals and impurities. Copper and iron are the primary elements responsible for the blue and green hues, while the presence of aluminum contributes to its overall structure and stability.


Turquoise has been valued for centuries and has been used for adornment, personal talismans, and decorative purposes in various cultures throughout the world. Its significance dates back thousands of years, with turquoise being highly regarded by ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians, Persians, Native Americans, and Aztecs.


The primary sources of turquoise include countries such as Iran, Afghanistan, China, the United States (particularly the southwestern regions), and Mexico. Each location produces turquoise with unique characteristics and qualities, contributing to the diversity of this gemstone.

In recent years, synthetic and imitation turquoise have become more prevalent in the market. These materials are created to mimic the appearance of natural turquoise but lack the authenticity and inherent properties of genuine turquoise. It is important for consumers to be aware of these imitations and to purchase turquoise from reputable sources.

Is turquoise rare

Turquoise is considered a semi-precious gemstone and is known for its blue to greenish-blue color. The rarity of turquoise can vary depending on several factors, including the quality, color, and origin of the stone. While turquoise is not as rare as some other gemstones like diamonds or emeralds, high-quality turquoise can still be relatively rare and valuable.

Natural, untreated turquoise is generally more valuable than treated or stabilized turquoise. The most sought-after turquoise often comes from specific mines in regions like Iran (formerly Persia), the southwestern United States (such as Arizona and New Mexico), and certain parts of China. The supply of high-quality turquoise can be limited, which can contribute to its rarity and value.

It’s worth noting that there are also synthetic and imitation turquoise materials available, which are more common and less valuable compared to natural turquoise.

Overall, while turquoise is not as rare as some precious gemstones, finding high-quality and natural turquoise can still be a challenge, making it relatively rare and sought after by collectors and enthusiasts.

What is the rarest type of turquoise in the world

The rarest type of turquoise in the world is widely considered to be Lander Blue Turquoise. Lander Blue Turquoise is renowned for its exceptional beauty and extreme scarcity. Mined in Lander County, Nevada, during the 1970s, this turquoise variety is known for its vivid electric blue color, distinctive spiderweb matrix patterns, and outstanding quality.

Lander Blue Turquoise is characterized by its intense blue hue, often displaying a remarkable contrast with a dark brown or black matrix. Its striking appearance and limited availability have elevated it to legendary status among gemstone enthusiasts and collectors.

What makes Lander Blue Turquoise exceptionally rare is the fact that it was only mined for a brief period, and the total production of gem-quality material was extremely limited. The mine that yielded Lander Blue Turquoise produced only a small quantity of this remarkable gemstone before it was depleted. As a result, authentic specimens of Lander Blue Turquoise are incredibly scarce, highly sought after, and command exceptionally high prices in the market.

The unique combination of its intense blue color, remarkable matrix patterns, and limited supply has made Lander Blue Turquoise one of the most prized and coveted gemstones among turquoise enthusiasts. Its rarity and exceptional beauty make it a true treasure for those fortunate enough to own a genuine piece of Lander Blue Turquoise.

How to Buy Turquoise

If you’re interested in buying turquoise, whether it’s in the form of jewelry, gemstones, or raw materials, here are some general steps you can follow:

Research and educate yourself:

Start by learning about turquoise, its different varieties, qualities, and sources. Understand factors that affect its value, such as color, matrix patterns, hardness, and origin. This knowledge will help you make informed decisions and avoid counterfeit or low-quality products.

Determine your preferred type:

Turquoise is available in various forms, including jewelry (rings, necklaces, bracelets, earrings), loose gemstones, and raw materials. Decide which type you are interested in purchasing.

Set a budget:

Determine your budget range for buying turquoise. Prices can vary significantly based on the quality, size, and rarity of the turquoise.

Find reputable sellers:

Look for reputable sellers who specialize in turquoise.

If purchasing online, ensure the seller has a reliable reputation and positive customer feedback.

Examine the turquoise:

If possible, inspect the turquoise in person or request detailed photos if buying online. Look for vibrant color, consistent hardness, and appealing matrix patterns if present. Assess the craftsmanship and setting quality for turquoise jewelry.

Compare prices and options:

Compare prices and offerings from different sellers to ensure you’re getting a fair deal. Take into account the quality, size, and rarity of the turquoise when evaluating the prices.

Make the purchase:

Once you’ve found the turquoise piece you desire, finalize the purchase by following the seller’s instructions. If buying online, ensure secure payment methods are in place. If purchasing in person, you may have the opportunity to negotiate the price.

Care for your turquoise:

After acquiring turquoise, learn about proper care and cleaning techniques to maintain its beauty and durability. Turquoise is relatively soft and can be sensitive to chemicals and rough handling.

Remember, each purchase is unique, and the steps may vary depending on your preferences and the specific turquoise you’re interested in. Stay vigilant and take your time to find the right piece from a reputable seller.


The world of turquoise encompasses a wide array of colors, qualities, and historical significance. Within this spectrum, certain turquoise varieties stand out for their exceptional rarity and captivating beauty. Carico Lake Turquoise, Bisbee Turquoise, and Lander Blue Turquoise exemplify the elusive and highly sought-after nature of rare turquoise gemstones.

Their limited supply, distinctive characteristics, and historical significance contribute to their rarity and elevated value. Collectors and connoisseurs recognize the allure and exclusivity of these rare turquoise varieties, seeking to add these exceptional gemstones to their treasured collections.

As we appreciate the rarity of these remarkable turquoise gems, it is essential to approach their acquisition with knowledge, research, and guidance from reputable sources. Embracing the beauty and scarcity of rare turquoise allows us to appreciate the true value of these extraordinary natural treasures and honor their place in the world of gemstones.


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