Home Ruby How do I know if my ruby Is real: A Quick Guide

How do I know if my ruby Is real: A Quick Guide

by Madonna

Rubies, with their captivating red color and historical significance, have been treasured gemstones for centuries. As a precious and sought-after gem, it is essential to be able to distinguish between a genuine ruby and its imitations or synthetic counterparts. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore various tests and characteristics to help you determine the authenticity of your ruby. Join us as we unveil the secrets to identifying a real ruby and avoid falling victim to counterfeit gemstones.

Introduction to Ruby

Ruby is a captivating and highly sought-after gemstone known for its vibrant red color and rich history. As one of the most revered and precious gemstones, ruby has been treasured by civilizations throughout time for its exceptional beauty and symbolic significance. Let’s delve into an introduction to ruby, exploring its origins, characteristics, and cultural importance.


Origin and Formation:

Ruby is the red variety of the mineral corundum, which is composed of aluminum oxide. It owes its captivating red color to traces of chromium within its crystal structure. Rubies are formed under intense heat and pressure deep within the Earth’s crust, often found in metamorphic or igneous rock formations. Some of the world’s most famous ruby sources include Myanmar (Burma), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Mozambique, and Tanzania.


Color and Characteristics:

The mesmerizing red color of ruby is its defining characteristic. It can range from a deep, intense red to shades with slight undertones of purple or orange. The finest rubies exhibit a vibrant, pure red color with high clarity and minimal inclusions. Transparency, hardness, and brilliance are also notable features of rubies. With a rating of 9 on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, rubies are exceptionally durable gemstones.


Cultural Significance:

Ruby has held significant cultural and historical importance across civilizations. In ancient times, rubies were considered the “king of precious stones” and associated with power, protection, and passion. They were believed to possess mystical qualities and were treasured by royalty and nobility. Throughout history, rubies adorned crowns, armor, and jewelry, symbolizing wealth, status, and divine favor.

Modern Uses:

Rubies continue to be highly prized in the world of fine jewelry. Their deep red color and exceptional durability make them ideal for various jewelry designs, including rings, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets. Rubies are often featured as center stones or accent gems, adding a touch of elegance and sophistication to jewelry pieces. Ruby is also the birthstone for the month of July and holds significance for those born during this time.

What is the price of ruby

The price of a ruby can vary significantly based on several factors, including the quality, size, color, clarity, and origin of the gemstone. Additionally, market conditions and demand also influence the price.

To give you a rough idea, smaller rubies of lower quality can be found for a few hundred dollars per carat. However, high-quality rubies that are larger and possess exceptional color, clarity, and origin can command prices in the tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars per carat.

It’s important to note that the price mentioned here is a general estimate, and for accurate and up-to-date information, it is recommended to consult with reputable jewelers, gemstone dealers, or online marketplaces specializing in gemstones.

Which type of ruby is the most precious

The most precious type of ruby is known as the “Pigeon’s Blood” ruby. This term refers to a specific shade of red that is highly sought after in rubies. Pigeon’s Blood rubies are considered to be the finest and most valuable rubies due to their intense, pure red color with a slight hint of blue. The name “Pigeon’s Blood” is derived from the belief that the color resembles the vivid red coloration found in the blood of a freshly killed pigeon.

It’s worth noting that the term “Pigeon’s Blood” is not an official gemological classification, but rather a trade term used to describe a highly desirable quality of ruby. The value of a ruby is determined by various factors including color, clarity, cut, and carat weight. The intense red color and exceptional transparency of a Pigeon’s Blood ruby contribute to its rarity and high value in the gem market.

How to identify the authenticity of ruby

Identifying the authenticity of a ruby gemstone requires careful examination and knowledge of specific characteristics. While a professional gemological assessment is the most reliable method, here are some guidelines to help you evaluate the authenticity of a ruby:


Authentic rubies typically exhibit a rich, vibrant red color. Look for a pure red hue without shades of orange or purple. Be cautious of stones that appear too light or have a pinkish undertone, as they may be lower-quality rubies or other gemstones.


Natural rubies often contain internal characteristics called inclusions. These inclusions are usually fine needle-like or rutile-like features known as “silk.” However, beware of rubies with an unusually high level of inclusions or those that appear too clean, as they may be synthetic or treated stones.


Rubies are known for their transparency, although some can have a certain level of opacity. Authentic rubies should not appear cloudy or milky. Instead, they should possess good clarity, allowing light to pass through the stone.


Examine the cut of the ruby. Natural rubies are typically faceted, showcasing their brilliance and maximizing the reflection of light. Look for symmetrical and well-proportioned cuts that enhance the gemstone’s beauty. Poorly cut or irregularly shaped stones may indicate a lower-quality or synthetic ruby.


The origin of a ruby can provide some indication of its authenticity and value. Certain regions, such as Burma (Myanmar), Kashmir, and Mozambique, are renowned for producing high-quality rubies. However, determining origin solely by visual inspection is challenging and requires expertise.

Laboratory Certifications:

Seek gemstones with reputable laboratory certifications from organizations such as the Gemological Institute of America (GIA), American Gemological Laboratories (AGL), or International Gemological Institute (IGI). These certifications provide detailed information about the gemstone’s authenticity, treatment (if any), and quality.

Seek Professional Expertise:

When in doubt or for high-value purchases, consult with a professional gemologist or reputable jeweler. They have the knowledge, experience, and tools to assess the authenticity of rubies accurately.

Remember, the most reliable method to ensure the authenticity of a ruby is through professional gemological testing. By relying on expert opinions and certifications, you can confidently verify the authenticity and quality of the ruby gemstone.


Determining the authenticity of a ruby can be a challenging task, especially for individuals without gemological expertise. It is always best to consult with a professional gemologist or bring your ruby to a reputable jeweler for a thorough examination.


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