Home Ruby How much Are raw rubies worth:A Simple Guide

How much Are raw rubies worth:A Simple Guide

by Madonna

Rubies have captivated humans for centuries with their vibrant red hue and exquisite beauty. As one of the most precious gemstones in the world, they have been sought after for their rarity and timeless appeal. The value of raw rubies is determined by various factors, including their color, clarity, size, and origin. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of assessing the worth of raw rubies, shedding light on the key determinants and providing valuable insights for gem enthusiasts, investors, and industry professionals.

Understanding the Rarity and Rarity Spectrum

A. Rarity of Rubies

Rubies are considered one of the rarest gemstones on Earth, with their occurrence being significantly less frequent compared to other gems. This scarcity contributes to their high value in the market.


B. The Rarity Spectrum

Within the realm of rubies, there exists a wide spectrum of rarity, with varying degrees of quality and desirability. The finest rubies, often referred to as “pigeon’s blood” rubies, possess an intense red color, exceptional transparency, and minimal inclusions. These gems command the highest prices due to their extraordinary beauty and scarcity. On the other end of the spectrum, rubies with lighter shades, lower clarity, and more inclusions are considered less valuable.


Evaluating the 4 Cs of Rubies

A. Color

Color is the most important factor when assessing the value of a ruby. The ideal color for a ruby is a deep, rich red, often described as “pigeon’s blood” red. This hue is characterized by a vibrant red with slight hints of blue, making the gem appear vivid and alluring. Rubies with this color fetch premium prices in the market. Other hues, such as purplish or brownish undertones, may lower the value of the gem.


B. Clarity

The clarity of a ruby refers to the presence or absence of internal or external flaws, known as inclusions. Inclusions can affect the transparency and overall beauty of the gem. Rubies with higher clarity, meaning fewer inclusions visible to the naked eye, are considered more valuable. However, natural rubies often contain some inclusions, and the presence of certain types of inclusions, such as silk, can enhance the gem’s value.

C. Cut

The cut of a ruby influences its overall appearance and brilliance. A well-cut ruby maximizes its color, enhances its sparkle, and creates a symmetrical shape. While there is no standardized cut grading system for rubies, skilled cutters strive to optimize the gem’s beauty while retaining as much weight as possible. Fine-quality rubies with excellent cuts can command higher prices.

D. Carat Weight

The carat weight of a ruby refers to its size, with larger rubies generally being more valuable. However, carat weight alone does not determine a ruby’s worth. The other three Cs, particularly color, play a significant role in assessing its value. It is essential to strike a balance between carat weight and quality when evaluating the worth of a ruby.

Origin and Mining Locations

A. Historical Significance

Certain ruby mining locations have gained prominence in the gem industry due to their historical significance and consistent production of high-quality gems. Examples include Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), and Mozambique. Rubies from these origins often carry a premium in the market due to their reputation for exceptional color and transparency.

B. Impact on Value

The origin of a ruby can significantly influence its value. Rubies from renowned locations with a long history of producing fine gems tend to command higher prices. Additionally, rubies from specific regions may possess unique characteristics, such as distinct color hues or fluorescence, further adding to their worth.

Market Factors and Price Determination

A. Supply and Demand

The laws of supply and demand play a crucial role in determining the price of raw rubies. As a rare gemstone, the limited supply of rubies, especially those of exceptional quality, can drive up their prices. Conversely, a surge in demand without a corresponding increase in supply can lead to price appreciation.

B. Gemstone Certification and Appraisal

To establish the authenticity, quality, and value of a raw ruby, it is crucial to obtain a professional gemstone certification from a reputable laboratory. Certifications from recognized institutions, such as the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) or the American Gemological Laboratories (AGL), provide assurance to buyers and help determine the fair market value of a ruby.

C. Market Trends and Economic Factors

Fluctuations in the global economy, changes in consumer preferences, and trends in the jewelry industry can impact the value of raw rubies. Economic downturns may dampen demand for luxury items, including rubies, resulting in a decline in prices. Conversely, emerging markets and increased consumer interest in colored gemstones can stimulate demand and lead to price appreciation.

Investment Potential of Raw Rubies

A. Historical Performance

Raw rubies have demonstrated strong investment potential over the years. Fine-quality rubies, especially those with exceptional color and clarity, have consistently appreciated in value, outperforming many traditional investment options. However, it is important to note that the gemstone market can be volatile, and past performance does not guarantee future returns.

B. Long-term Prospects

As the global middle class expands and consumer interest in colored gemstones grows, the demand for rubies is expected to rise. This increasing demand, coupled with the gemstone’s inherent rarity, suggests that raw rubies may continue to be a valuable investment in the long run.

How much does a raw ruby cost?

To provide a general idea of the price range, lower-quality rubies with lighter color, lower clarity, and smaller sizes can be found for as low as $10 to $50 per carat. These rubies may have more inclusions or exhibit less intense red color, making them less valuable.

On the other hand, high-quality rubies with exceptional color, clarity, and larger sizes can command significantly higher prices. Fine-quality rubies, often referred to as “pigeon’s blood” rubies, can range from hundreds of dollars to tens of thousands of dollars per carat. These top-quality rubies possess a deep, vibrant red color, excellent transparency, minimal inclusions, and are highly sought after by collectors and connoisseurs.

Additionally, rubies from specific renowned mining locations, such as Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), and Mozambique, may carry a premium due to their reputation for producing fine-quality gems.

It is important to keep in mind that the prices mentioned here are rough estimates and can vary significantly based on individual gemstone characteristics, market conditions, and the seller’s pricing strategy. To obtain an accurate and reliable price for a specific raw ruby, it is advisable to consult with reputable gemstone dealers, gemological laboratories, or experts in the field who can assess the gem’s quality and provide a fair market value.


Raw rubies possess an intrinsic beauty and rarity that make them highly sought after in the gemstone market. Understanding the factors that determine their worth, including color, clarity, cut, carat weight, origin, and market dynamics, is essential for both enthusiasts and professionals. By considering these factors, consulting with experts, and staying informed about market trends, individuals can make informed decisions when it comes to buying, selling, or investing in raw rubies.

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