Home Sapphire What is Peacock Sapphire?

What is Peacock Sapphire?

by Madonna

Sapphires have long been revered for their vibrant colors and exceptional hardness, making them one of the most sought-after gemstones in the world. Among the various types of sapphires, Peacock Sapphire stands out for its unique and mesmerizing color variations. In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of Peacock Sapphires, exploring their origins, characteristics, and the reasons behind their captivating hues.

The Origins of Peacock Sapphire

Geological Formation

Peacock Sapphires, like other sapphires, are a variety of the mineral corundum, which is composed of aluminum oxide. The distinctive colors of Peacock Sapphires are primarily due to the presence of trace elements such as iron, titanium, and chromium. These elements interact during the gemstone’s formation, leading to the unique color patterns that Peacock Sapphires are known for.


Key Mining Locations

Peacock Sapphires are predominantly found in Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon), Myanmar (Burma), and Madagascar. These regions are renowned for producing sapphires with rich and varied colors. Sri Lanka, in particular, is celebrated for its high-quality sapphires, and Peacock Sapphires from this region are especially prized for their vibrant hues and clarity.


Distinctive Characteristics of Peacock Sapphire

Color Spectrum

The most striking feature of Peacock Sapphires is their color, which can range from deep blue to vibrant green, often with flashes of other colors such as yellow and gold. This multicolored appearance resembles the iridescent plumage of a peacock, hence the name. The interplay of colors is due to the light interacting with the various trace elements within the sapphire.



Peacock Sapphires exhibit a phenomenon known as pleochroism, where the gemstone appears to change color when viewed from different angles. This effect is caused by the gemstone’s crystal structure, which absorbs and reflects light differently depending on the viewing angle. This unique characteristic adds to the allure and mystique of Peacock Sapphires, making them highly coveted by collectors and jewelry enthusiasts.

Clarity and Cut

Like all sapphires, the clarity of a Peacock Sapphire plays a significant role in its overall value. High-quality Peacock Sapphires are typically free from inclusions and blemishes, allowing their vibrant colors to shine through. The cut of the gemstone also impacts its appearance; a well-cut Peacock Sapphire will maximize the play of colors and enhance the stone’s natural beauty.

The Science Behind the Colors

Trace Elements and Coloration

The captivating colors of Peacock Sapphires are the result of trace elements present during the gemstone’s formation. Iron and titanium contribute to the blue hues, while chromium adds red and pink tones. The combination and concentration of these elements determine the final color of the sapphire. In Peacock Sapphires, the precise balance of these elements creates the multicolored effect that resembles the feathers of a peacock.

Light Interaction

The way light interacts with the internal structure of Peacock Sapphires is also crucial in creating their unique appearance. When light enters the gemstone, it is refracted, absorbed, and reflected by the different trace elements. This interaction produces the vibrant colors and pleochroism that Peacock Sapphires are known for. The cut and clarity of the stone further enhance this interplay of light, resulting in a stunning display of colors.

Uses and Popularity


Peacock Sapphires are highly prized in the world of jewelry. Their unique and vibrant colors make them ideal for statement pieces such as rings, necklaces, and earrings. Jewelers often use Peacock Sapphires as the centerpiece of their designs, surrounded by complementary gemstones and metals to highlight the sapphire’s natural beauty. Due to their durability and hardness, Peacock Sapphires are suitable for everyday wear, making them a popular choice for engagement rings and other significant jewelry items.


Collectors are also drawn to Peacock Sapphires due to their rarity and unique color variations. High-quality Peacock Sapphires are considered investment-grade gemstones, often appreciating in value over time. Collectors seek out sapphires with the most vibrant and diverse color displays, as well as those with excellent clarity and cut. Peacock Sapphires are often showcased in private collections and at gemstone exhibitions, where their beauty and rarity can be appreciated by enthusiasts and experts alike.

See Also: Yellow Sapphire

Caring for Peacock Sapphire

Cleaning and Maintenance

To maintain the beauty and luster of Peacock Sapphires, it is essential to clean them regularly. The best method for cleaning is to use warm, soapy water and a soft brush to gently remove any dirt and grime. Avoid using harsh chemicals or ultrasonic cleaners, as these can damage the gemstone. It is also important to store Peacock Sapphires separately from other gemstones to prevent scratches and damage.

Avoiding Damage

Although Peacock Sapphires are durable, they can still be damaged by harsh impacts or extreme temperature changes. It is advisable to remove Peacock Sapphire jewelry before engaging in activities that may expose the gemstone to potential harm, such as sports or heavy manual work. Regular inspections by a professional jeweler can help ensure that the setting is secure and the gemstone remains in good condition.


Peacock Sapphires are a truly unique and mesmerizing variety of sapphire, distinguished by their vibrant and multicolored appearance. Originating from regions such as Sri Lanka, Myanmar, and Madagascar, these gemstones are prized for their exceptional beauty, pleochroism, and rarity. Whether used in stunning jewelry pieces or collected as investment-grade gemstones, Peacock Sapphires continue to captivate and enchant gemstone enthusiasts around the world.

Understanding the science behind their colors, the importance of their geological origins, and the best practices for care and maintenance can enhance our appreciation of these extraordinary gems. As the allure of Peacock Sapphires endures, their place in the world of fine gemstones remains secure, symbolizing elegance, beauty, and the timeless wonders of nature.


You May Also Like


Giacoloredstones is a colored gem portal. The main columns are Ruby, Sapphire, Emerald, Tourmaline, Aquamarine, Tanzanite, Amethyst, Garnet, Turquoise, Knowledges, News, etc.【Contact us: [email protected]

© 2023 Copyright