Home Aquamarine What is Pink Aquamarine?

What is Pink Aquamarine?

by Madonna

Aquamarine, with its name derived from the Latin words “aqua” (water) and “marina” (sea), has long been cherished for its serene blue to greenish-blue hues. However, there exists a fascinating and lesser-known variant of this gemstone: Pink Aquamarine. This variant not only captivates with its delicate color but also intrigues gem enthusiasts and scientists alike due to its unique formation process. This article delves into the characteristics, origins, and significance of Pink Aquamarine, unraveling its mysteries in a popular science style.

Characteristics of Pink Aquamarine

Pink Aquamarine, also known as Morganite, is a rare member of the beryl family, which includes more familiar gemstones like emerald and the traditional blue aquamarine. Here are the key characteristics that distinguish Pink Aquamarine:


1. Color:

The most defining feature of Pink Aquamarine is its delicate pink to peach hue. This color is primarily due to the presence of manganese within the crystal structure. The intensity of the pink color can vary, ranging from pale pinks to deeper, more vivid shades.


2. Clarity and Transparency:

Similar to its blue counterpart, Pink Aquamarine is prized for its clarity and transparency. High-quality specimens are typically free from inclusions and possess a vitreous luster that enhances their visual appeal.


3. Hardness:

With a hardness rating of 7.5 to 8 on the Mohs scale, Pink Aquamarine is relatively durable and suitable for various types of jewelry. This hardness ensures that it can withstand everyday wear while maintaining its brilliance.

4. Refractive Index and Specific Gravity:

Pink Aquamarine has a refractive index ranging from 1.577 to 1.583 and a specific gravity of approximately 2.71 to 2.90. These properties are consistent with other beryl gemstones and contribute to its optical properties and weight.

Origins and Formation of Pink Aquamarine

Understanding the origins and formation of Pink Aquamarine requires a look at the geological processes that give rise to this unique gemstone:

1. Geological Settings:

Pink Aquamarine is typically found in pegmatite deposits, which are coarse-grained igneous rocks formed during the final stages of magma crystallization. These pegmatites often contain large crystals and a variety of rare minerals, making them a prime source for gem-quality beryl.

2. Chemical Composition:

The presence of manganese is crucial in the formation of Pink Aquamarine. Manganese acts as a chromophore, imparting the pink color to the beryl crystal. The concentration and distribution of manganese within the crystal lattice determine the intensity of the pink hue.

3. Growth Environment:

The growth environment of Pink Aquamarine involves a combination of high temperatures and pressures within the Earth’s crust. Over millions of years, the beryl crystals gradually form and incorporate manganese, leading to the development of the pink coloration.

Notable Locations and Sources

Pink Aquamarine, like other gemstones, is sourced from specific regions around the world. Some of the most notable locations include:

1. Brazil:

Brazil is one of the primary sources of high-quality Pink Aquamarine. The Minas Gerais region, in particular, is renowned for producing large and vividly colored specimens.

2. Madagascar:

Madagascar is another significant source of Pink Aquamarine. The island’s rich geological diversity provides ideal conditions for the formation of gem-quality beryl.

3. Afghanistan:

The Nuristan region of Afghanistan is known for its stunning Pink Aquamarine deposits. These gems are often highly valued for their intense color and clarity.

4. United States:

In the United States, California and Maine have produced notable Pink Aquamarine specimens. These gems are typically found in pegmatite deposits within these regions.

Historical and Cultural Significance

Pink Aquamarine, also known as Morganite, carries historical and cultural significance that adds to its allure:

1. Discovery and Naming:

Pink Aquamarine was first discovered in Madagascar in 1910. It was named “Morganite” in honor of the American financier and gem enthusiast J.P. Morgan, who was an avid collector of gemstones.

2. Symbolism and Meaning:

Pink Aquamarine is often associated with love, compassion, and emotional healing. Its gentle color is believed to soothe the heart and promote feelings of peace and harmony.

3. Popularity in Jewelry:

The unique and delicate color of Pink Aquamarine has made it a popular choice for jewelry. It is often used in engagement rings, necklaces, and earrings, where its soft pink hue adds a touch of elegance and sophistication.

Scientific Studies and Research

The scientific community has shown significant interest in studying Pink Aquamarine due to its unique properties and formation processes:

1. Spectroscopic Analysis:

Spectroscopic studies have been conducted to understand the precise role of manganese in the coloration of Pink Aquamarine. These studies involve analyzing the absorption and emission spectra of the gemstone to determine the presence and behavior of manganese ions.

2. Crystallography:

Advanced crystallographic techniques, such as X-ray diffraction, have been used to examine the crystal structure of Pink Aquamarine. These studies provide insights into the arrangement of atoms within the crystal lattice and the distribution of chromophores like manganese.

3. Geological Surveys:

Geological surveys and field studies have been conducted in regions where Pink Aquamarine is found. These studies aim to understand the geological conditions that favor the formation of gem-quality beryl and to identify potential new sources of this rare gemstone.

Market and Value of Pink Aquamarine

The value of Pink Aquamarine in the gemstone market is influenced by several factors:

1. Color Intensity:

The intensity and saturation of the pink color play a significant role in determining the value of Pink Aquamarine. Gems with deeper and more vivid hues are generally more valuable.

2. Clarity:

As with other gemstones, clarity is a crucial factor in assessing the value of Pink Aquamarine. Specimens that are free from visible inclusions and blemishes command higher prices.

3. Carat Weight:

Larger Pink Aquamarine gems are rarer and, therefore, more valuable. The price per carat increases significantly with size, particularly for high-quality stones.

4. Cut and Shape:

The cut and shape of Pink Aquamarine can also impact its value. Well-cut gems that maximize brilliance and display the color to its best advantage are highly prized.

See Also: Which Metal is Best With Aquamarine?

Care and Maintenance of Pink Aquamarine

Proper care and maintenance are essential to preserve the beauty and longevity of Pink Aquamarine jewelry:

1. Cleaning:

Pink Aquamarine should be cleaned regularly to remove dirt and oils that can accumulate on the surface. Use a mild soap solution and a soft brush to gently clean the gemstone, and rinse thoroughly with warm water.

2. Avoid Harsh Chemicals:

Avoid exposing Pink Aquamarine to harsh chemicals, such as bleach or household cleaners, which can damage the gemstone’s surface and affect its color.

3. Storage:

Store Pink Aquamarine jewelry separately from other gemstones to prevent scratching. Use a soft cloth or a padded jewelry box to protect the gem from damage.

4. Professional Maintenance:

Have Pink Aquamarine jewelry professionally inspected and cleaned periodically to ensure that the setting is secure and the gemstone remains in optimal condition.


Pink Aquamarine, with its delicate pink hues and captivating beauty, is a gemstone that stands out in the world of beryl. Its unique formation process, combined with its rarity and cultural significance, makes it a prized possession for gem enthusiasts and collectors. Understanding the characteristics, origins, and care of Pink Aquamarine allows us to appreciate its allure and ensures that its beauty can be enjoyed for generations to come. Whether set in jewelry or admired in its natural form, Pink Aquamarine continues to enchant and inspire those who encounter its gentle charm.


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