Home Ruby Where Are the best rubies found: A Comprehensive Guide

Where Are the best rubies found: A Comprehensive Guide

by Madonna

Rubies are among the most precious gemstones in the world, renowned for their deep red hue, exceptional hardness, and rarity. The allure of rubies has captivated civilizations for centuries, from ancient Indian and Burmese cultures to modern-day gem enthusiasts. However, not all rubies are created equal, and the location of their origin significantly impacts their value and quality. In this article, we delve into the world of rubies to explore where the best ones are found and what makes them so extraordinary.

Factors Affecting Ruby Quality

Several geological factors contribute to the formation and quality of rubies in specific regions:


1. Mineral Composition:

Rubies are a variety of the mineral corundum, which also produces sapphires. The presence of trace elements, such as chromium and iron, gives rubies their red color.


2. Metamorphic Conditions:

The formation of rubies is closely tied to metamorphic processes within the Earth’s crust. High-pressure, high-temperature conditions play a vital role in creating gem-quality rubies.


3. Geographical Conditions:

The geological history and tectonic activity of a region influence the presence of ruby deposits. Ruby-bearing areas often experience specific geological events that favor the creation of these precious gemstones.

4. Mining Practices:

The mining techniques employed can impact the quality of the recovered rubies. Ethical and sustainable mining practices are essential to preserve both the environment and the gemstones themselves.

What are the criteria for experts to evaluate rubies

Before we dive into the locations, it is essential to understand the criteria that gemologists and experts use to assess the quality of a ruby:

1. Color:

The primary factor influencing a ruby’s value is its color. The finest rubies exhibit a vibrant, rich red color, often referred to as “pigeon’s blood.” This intense red hue is due to the presence of chromium in the gemstone.

2. Clarity:

Clarity refers to the presence of internal flaws or inclusions in the ruby. The best rubies have minimal to no inclusions visible to the naked eye, indicating exceptional clarity and transparency.

3. Cut:

The precision and quality of the cut greatly impact a ruby’s brilliance and overall appeal. A well-cut ruby reflects light beautifully and showcases its color to its fullest potential.

4. Carat Weight:

Like all gemstones, the size of a ruby is measured in carats. Larger rubies are rarer and more valuable, especially if they possess excellent color, clarity, and cut.

5. Origin:

The location where a ruby is mined can significantly affect its value. Some regions are renowned for producing superior-quality rubies, making the origin a crucial aspect of evaluation.

The Best Ruby Sources

While rubies can be found in various parts of the world, certain regions are famous for producing the best quality stones:

1. Mogok, Myanmar (Burma):

Often referred to as the “Valley of Rubies,” Mogok in Myanmar is synonymous with the finest rubies in the world. For centuries, this region has been the primary source of top-quality rubies, especially those displaying the highly sought-after “pigeon’s blood” red. Mogok rubies are known for their exceptional color saturation, clarity, and transparency. The region’s geology and mineral deposits create the perfect conditions for growing remarkable rubies. Despite political challenges, Mogok continues to be a significant player in the ruby market.

2. Winza, Tanzania:

In recent years, Tanzania has emerged as a notable source of high-quality rubies, particularly from the Winza mining district. Tanzanian rubies are celebrated for their intense red color, often with a slight purplish tint. These rubies frequently exhibit remarkable transparency, making them highly desirable in the gem trade.

3. Mozambique:

Another African nation making its mark in the ruby world is Mozambique. The Montepuez ruby deposit in northern Mozambique has become a significant source of fine rubies. These gems are known for their rich red color and impressive clarity. Since their discovery in 2009, Mozambican rubies have gained popularity among gem enthusiasts and collectors alike.

4. Thailand:

While Thailand itself is not a major ruby producer, the country has long been a hub for the global gem trade, including rubies. Thai gem cutters and traders have perfected the art of enhancing the beauty of rubies through their skilled craftsmanship, making Thailand a crucial player in the ruby industry.

5. Madagascar:

The island of Madagascar is home to several ruby deposits, and its rubies are admired for their various color shades, including intense reds and purplish-reds. Madagascar’s rubies often display excellent clarity, making them popular among jewelry designers and collectors.

6. Vietnam:

Rubies from Vietnam have gained attention for their deep red color and good transparency. The Luc Yen mining region in Vietnam has been a notable source of these gemstones.

What is the most expensive ruby color?

The most expensive ruby color is a rich, intense red with a slight undertone of blue, often referred to as “pigeon’s blood” red. Rubies that exhibit this color are extremely rare and highly sought after in the gemstone market. The term “pigeon’s blood” red comes from the vivid hue that resembles the color of a freshly slain pigeon’s blood. Rubies with this specific color are valued for their exceptional beauty and can command top prices, particularly if they also possess excellent clarity, transparency, and size. These rubies are mostly associated with the finest specimens from Myanmar (Burma) and are considered the most valuable.

What is rarest form of ruby?

The rarest form of ruby is the “Star Ruby.” Star Rubies are a special variety of ruby that exhibits a phenomenon called asterism, where a star-shaped pattern appears on the surface when viewed under a direct light source. This effect is caused by needle-like inclusions of a mineral called rutile within the ruby crystal, which align in a way that creates the unique star pattern.

Star Rubies are incredibly scarce and highly prized by gem collectors and enthusiasts. The most valuable Star Rubies display a sharp, well-defined star with excellent clarity and intense color. The star should ideally have six legs, and the gem’s body color should be vivid and attractive.

With Burmese Star Rubies being among the most sought-after due to their renowned color and asterism. Due to their rarity and captivating visual effect, Star Rubies can command significant prices in the gemstone market.


In conclusion, the location of a ruby’s origin significantly affects its quality, color, and value. While several regions around the world produce rubies, few have gained recognition for producing the finest gems. Mogok in Myanmar, with its legendary “pigeon’s blood” rubies, remains one of the most coveted sources. Other countries like Tanzania, Mozambique, Madagascar, Thailand, and Vietnam also contribute to the global ruby trade with their remarkable gemstones.

As with any precious gemstone, the beauty and rarity of rubies make them cherished by collectors and jewelry enthusiasts alike. Understanding the geographical sources and factors influencing ruby quality can help gem enthusiasts make informed choices when purchasing these exquisite red gems. Whether it be the allure of Myanmar’s storied Mogok Valley or the rising stars in Tanzania and Mozambique, the world of rubies offers a treasure trove of beauty waiting to be explored.


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