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5 Types of Rubies: Different Ruby Colors & Origins

by Madonna

Ruby, with its fiery hue and captivating allure, has held a revered status throughout history. Revered for its intense color and association with love, passion, and power, this gemstone has fascinated gem enthusiasts and collectors for centuries. However, what many may not realize is that within the world of rubies lies a diverse array of types, each with its own unique characteristics, origins, and values. In this comprehensive guide, we embark on a journey to explore the rich spectrum of ruby gemstones, delving into their names, origins, colors, and values.

1. Burmese Ruby

Originating from the legendary mines of Myanmar (formerly Burma), Burmese rubies have long been regarded as some of the finest in the world. Renowned for their exceptional color saturation, often described as “pigeon’s blood red,” Burmese rubies exhibit a deep, vivid red hue with a subtle hint of blue. This mesmerizing color is attributed to the presence of chromium within the crystal lattice structure of the gemstone.


Burmese rubies command premium prices in the market due to their rarity and exceptional quality. The demand for these exquisite gemstones remains consistently high among collectors and connoisseurs, further driving up their value. The allure of owning a Burmese ruby lies not only in its intense color but also in its rich historical significance and cultural heritage.


2. Thai Ruby

Thailand has emerged as a significant producer of rubies, offering a wide range of gemstones characterized by their unique color variations and exceptional clarity. Thai rubies often display a slightly lighter hue compared to their Burmese counterparts, with shades ranging from a vibrant pinkish-red to a deep crimson. These gemstones are prized for their transparency and brilliance, making them popular choices for jewelry settings.


The value of Thai rubies varies depending on factors such as color, clarity, and size. While they may not command the same prices as Burmese rubies, high-quality Thai rubies with intense color saturation and minimal inclusions can still fetch substantial sums in the market. With Thailand’s rich history of ruby mining and cutting expertise, Thai rubies continue to captivate gem enthusiasts worldwide.

3. African Ruby

Africa is another prominent source of rubies, with countries such as Mozambique, Tanzania, and Madagascar known for producing gem-quality specimens. African rubies exhibit a diverse range of colors, from deep reds to vibrant pinks and purplish hues. The presence of iron and other trace elements contributes to the varied color palette observed in African rubies.

Mozambican rubies, in particular, have gained recognition for their intense red hue and exceptional clarity. These gemstones are highly sought after for their vivid color saturation and relatively larger sizes compared to other sources. Tanzanian and Madagascan rubies also showcase distinctive characteristics, with some displaying asterism or the “star effect” when properly cut and polished.

The value of African rubies depends on factors such as color, clarity, and origin. While they may not always command the same premium as Burmese rubies, high-quality African rubies with vivid colors and minimal inclusions can still fetch significant prices in the market. As African ruby deposits continue to be explored and developed, these gemstones offer an enticing alternative for collectors and investors.

4. Mozambique Ruby

Mozambique, in southeastern Africa, has emerged as a leading producer of high-quality rubies in recent years. The ruby deposits in Mozambique yield gemstones with a rich red hue and exceptional clarity, rivaling those from traditional sources such as Myanmar. Mozambican rubies are prized for their intense color saturation and transparency, making them highly desirable for jewelry and investment purposes.

One of the distinguishing features of Mozambique rubies is their fluorescence under ultraviolet light. This phenomenon, known as “fluorescence reaction,” can enhance the gemstone’s appearance and contribute to its overall allure. Mozambican rubies also exhibit excellent durability and hardness, making them suitable for a wide range of jewelry designs.

In terms of value, Mozambique rubies command prices comparable to Burmese rubies, particularly for specimens with vivid color and minimal inclusions. The growing demand for ethically sourced gemstones has further boosted the appeal of Mozambican rubies, as mining practices in the region strive to adhere to responsible and sustainable standards.

5. Kashmir Ruby

Kashmir, a region nestled in the Himalayas, is renowned for producing some of the most coveted rubies in the world. Characterized by their velvety texture and intense red hue, Kashmir rubies possess a unique allure that sets them apart from other varieties. The mesmerizing color of Kashmir rubies is often described as “pigeon’s blood” or “raspberry red,” with a subtle glow that seems to emanate from within the gemstone.

The exceptional beauty of Kashmir rubies is attributed to their geological formation and the presence of trace elements such as chromium and iron. These gemstones are treasured for their rarity and historical significance, with Kashmir rubies fetching premium prices in the market. Due to limited production and strict regulations on mining activities in the region, Kashmir rubies remain highly sought after by collectors and enthusiasts worldwide.


In conclusion, the world of ruby gemstones is as diverse and captivating as the colors they exhibit. From the legendary mines of Myanmar to the vibrant landscapes of Africa and beyond, each type of ruby offers a unique glimpse into the Earth’s geological wonders. Whether it’s the intense red hue of Burmese rubies, the vibrant colors of African specimens, or the velvety texture of Kashmir rubies, the allure of these gemstones continues to captivate hearts and minds across the globe. As we celebrate the beauty and brilliance of ruby gemstones, let us also appreciate the rich history, cultural significance, and enduring allure that make them truly timeless treasures.


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